This article has been cross posted in http://www.linnovate.net/blog/mean-io-and-drupal it’s interesting for the mean.io crowd because this sort of integration could (and will) be implemented with othe cms’s like wordpress or magento ….
Maybe it’s just me.. But I see more and more DG’s (Drupal Geezers) find themselves introspecting and thinking about the technology they have invested their past 7-8 years in.
Our reality is that we still live in a world where 10% of the functions we use frequently in drupal end with .+_alter – Drupal typically will output whatever markup you want and then you find yourself wrestling with it and altering it to fit the semantic html you want. To actually get Drupal to come close to sub-second performance means to wrap it with so many caches it looks like an Egyptian mummy.
The mean module
Although Drupal 8 is coming up there are tons of Drupal 6 sites out there that want to spice up the look and feel yet maintain the content, ccks and views involved. We thought how to expose the data within drupal to rich widgets or single page applications which either feed information in to drupal or use information fro within to provide a dynamic experience. The mean module (at http://drupal.org/project/mean) provides the means to export blocks,menus views and variables to one big json file which is accessed by an angular.js service which reads it and makes it available to the mean application.
There are two types of patterns that can be implemented using the mean module.
Mean in front
mean.io is used in many places as an engine for SPA (single page applications) now we can create applications that are built from information which is held in drupal. Mean provides an interface to load various pieces of data from a Drupal sites and to render a single-page application which uses Drupal as an additional data source. We implemented this approach lately with Strauss an established enterprise customer which had an OpenIdeal – Drupal 6 site which they wanted to face lift. You can browse here to see the result and here to peek in to the drupal in the backend which powers it.
After enabling the mean module you can browse /mean/json/help/me and see the following possabilities…
URL stucture: /mean/json/[TYPE]/[NAME]/[ARG1]/[ARG2]/[ARG3]
currently supported TYPE values and their arguments:
- view - returns results for requested Drupal view object, arguments:
- NAME - view's name
- ARG1 - (optional) display_name
- ARG2 - (optional) items per page value (-1 for unlimited, 0 - skip arg)
- ARG3 - (optional) arguments divided by '+' sign without whitespaces
- menu - output from menu_tree_all_data() function
- load - looks for load_[NAME_mandatory] function and returns its output
(node_load([ARG1]), user_load([ARG1]), menu_load([ARG1]) ...), arguments:
- ARG1 - ID or name to pass to load function
- help - /mean/json/help/me will output current instruction
- user - /mean/json/user/logout - Logging current user out
- /mean/json/user/login (along with name and pass values passed as post
will log user in and return its object)
- /mean/json/user/session - returns $_SESSION
- /mean/json/user/me - returns global user object
- returns set of JSON objects, set at admin/build/mean-packets
- NAME - packet's name
To skip any optional ARG, use 0, (example: /mean/json/forum_search/0/5)
Angular apps in blocks/panel panes
In many cases we have to continue hosting with Drupal – for instance if you have a governmental site that has been security cleared to run Drupal there is a very slim chance you could change that. With the next approach you can still get the “single page” behaviour or implement a complex widget that you’d rather implement on a client-side MVC rather then in a bunch of spaghetti code in jquery.
p>We have been working with a financial client from new-york for the past year which has a huge antiquated drupal-5 site and the ability to insert rich angular.js driven application that connect to the data within the drupal site – can create a modern feel even if you’re stuck in the past, it also can provide a clear path to fix sites that can’t be upgraded because their core has been altered.
One of the concepts and tools we’ve built to help with both types of integrations – has to do in how to swiftly enter the Drupal data in to a mongodb based db so it can be served effectively to mobile devices, widgets and single page applications. We have bundled the mean shadow module with the the mean module which provides a standard way to sending drupal information upon content update to the Mongo/Node based service. To make the initial import of the data in to the mean easy we provide the drupal shanties (shadow entities) command…
Here are some examples of the possible usage..
Standard example (all the user entities) drush shadow-entities
Type example (all the node entities) drush shadow-entities node
Id example (specific user) drush shadow-entities user 42
Id example 2 (specific node) drush shadow-entities node 42
Bundle example (all the entites of drush shadow-entities node article
To summarize – mean.io is an amazing way to develop cool and modern applications but the mean module integration lets us start building mean apps now and helps them co-exist and augment Drupal.